Monday, 25 Sep 2023 - 10 of Tishri, 5784

Moroccan Foreign Minister: The Abraham Accords provide “incredible momentum” for peace in Middle East

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In a video address to the American Jewish Committee’s second AJC Global Forum in Tel Aviv, Nasser Bourita also said that ‘’after decades of war and hatred, there is now a unique opportunity for peace” and stressed that the Kingdom of Morocco took deep pride in its Jewish heritage and support for its Jewish community and institutions.


Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita said the Abraham Accords have created “incredible momentum” for peace and prosperity in the Middle East and helped create unprecedented growth in his country’s trade with Israel.

In a video address to the American Jewish Committee’s second AJC Global Forum in Tel Aviv, Bourita also said that ‘’after decades of war and hatred, there is now a unique opportunity for peace” and stressed that the Kingdom of Morocco took deep pride in its Jewish heritage and support for its Jewish community and institutions.

The Abraham Accords, signed in September 2020, normalized relations between Israel and two Gulf states, the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain. Three months later, in a three-party announcement that included the United States, Morocco re-established and upgraded its relations with Israel after a 20-year gap. These historic normalization agreements opened the door to increased cooperation on shared interests, including energy, security, and health.

“Bilateral relations with Israel have been improving on all levels,” Bourita said, noting Morocco has had more than a dozen visits by high-ranking Israeli officials, a 160% jump in trade, and a fivefold increase in Israeli tourists over the last two years.

Bourita said Morocco’s ties to the Jewish community were historic. “Morocco has historically been a land of coexistence where all Moroccans—Muslims and Jews—lived in peace and harmony under the protection of the Moroccan monarchs.”

Indeed, Jews have lived in the region since Roman times. The Jewish population once numbered more than 250,000. The Moroccan Jewish community is today estimated to be under 3,000 strong, with the Moroccan Jewish Diaspora, many of whom live in Israel, numbering some 1 million.

Bourita said the current Moroccan Jewish community is able to maintain its own “ecosystem,” including synagogues, yeshivas, and kosher food. The kingdom’s ruler, King Mohammed VI, has also authorized the renovation of 15 synagogues and 168 Jewish cemeteries and holy sites.

Political heavyweights and prominent journalists discussed key issues affecting Israel and the Jewish people at the opening plenary of the AJC Global Forum on Sunday evening.

Those issues included rising antisemitism, the Abraham Accords and Israeli-Diaspora relations.

As many as 1,000 people from 60 nations were in attendance at the opening event, with a total of 1,500 expected throughout the four-day forum.

Ted Deutch, in his inaugural AJC Global Forum address as CEO, celebrated the success Israel has achieved on its 75th anniversary.

He noted that Israel has become a technological powerhouse, a vibrant democracy with “perhaps the freest of free presses anywhere in the world,” and a staunch defender of civil rights.

“Also, I would note we gather here today just at the conclusion of Tel Aviv Pride, one of the largest LGBTQ gatherings in the world,” he said to loud applause.

Despite the successes, Israel faces many challenges, which the forum would focus on, Deutch said. The challenges, both foreign and domestic, include the Iranian nuclear threat, Gaza rockets and “widening rifts within Israel between the political left and the political right, between religious and secular Jews, and between Israelis and Diaspora Jewry.”

Iran came up frequently throughout the evening. Deutch asked opposition leader Yair Lapid why the world has stood against Russia’s invasion of Ukraine but not against Iran to the same degree.

“Part of the problem we have now is that [Iran] is not at the center of global attention,” Lapid said, noting that the world, and the U.S. specifically, is preoccupied with other issues such as Ukraine and China, even though in the case of the war in Ukraine, Tehran has become one of Russia’s only allies.

“It’s further proof—if anyone needed further proof—that whatever is wrong in this world, Iran is going to be involved,” Lapid said.

Move forward with a dialogue’

Lapid said that the current U.S. administration views signing a deal with Iran as the “easiest way to take the Iran issue off the table” so it can focus on matters it considers more urgent. This would be a costly mistake, Lapid warned, stressing that there is no daylight between Israel’s opposition and coalition on Iran. All speak with one voice, “telling the American administration: ‘Do not sign a bad deal.’ ”

AJC’s activities extend beyond America and the organization boasts 14 overseas offices. As a result, several European leaders addressed the conference.

Lithuanian Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė stressed the growing cooperation between Tehran and Moscow, where “Russia gets access to Iran’s weapons supply and Iran, at the same time, [gets]a cover for advancing its nuclear program and inflaming regional instability.

“My country has done much more than just usual public condemnation. In recent months, at least five Iranian drone companies were sanctioned by the E.U. on our initiative,” said Šimonytė, who met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday, where they discussed regional issues, especially the Iranian threat.

Margaritis Schinas, European Commission vice president for promoting our European way of life, credited the AJC “for being an active and trusted partner” in the inception and implementation of an E.U. strategy laid out in October 2021, “the first ever to fight against antisemitism and promote Jewish life in Europe.”

Karoline Edtstadler, Austrian federal minister for the E.U. and constitution, said, “Austria has a special historic responsibility, a responsibility that is tied to two issues that are essential to us: safeguarding and protecting Jews in Austria and Europe and beyond, and supporting Israel whenever it is threatened.”

Israeli President Isaac Herzog also attended the opening plenary. Of the judicial reform talks that are taking place under his auspices, Herzog said, “Perhaps it’s good that it has come up now as a public issue, as a really in-depth discussion of where we are and where we are going as a nation.

Israeli President Isaac Herzog at the AJC Global Forum, June 11, 2023. Photo by Yair Meyuhas/AJC.

“These are critical days, and I sincerely hope that the leaders and the elected officials will take the right decisions because not only do the people of Israel want a wide agreement and consensus on the core issues without, of course, hurting the basic rules of democracy and the independence of the judiciary, but more importantly, I also feel that in this room, the Jewish world demands us not to be torn apart, and want us to move forward with a dialogue,” Herzog said.

A panel of journalists also focused largely on judicial reform. Channel 12 political commentator Amit Segal, who identifies with Israel’s right-wing, said that “judicial reform is dead, but no one has informed the family yet.

“My guess is somewhere between days and months [from now], Netanyahu will take 5% of judicial reform, declare a victory and retreat,” Segal said.


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